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Given the following information, determine the feasibility of this investment.
Veronika has a great idea for a new online game for mobile devices. The game allows players to destroy alien invaders, which is nothing new, but it also serves as a social engagement app that will allow gamers to connect with other gamers that share their interest, similar to existing dating services. By combining game playing with dating, she thinks she can reach a new market, but she fully expects that others will copy her. Therefore, she assumes that this is a limited time opportunity.
Veronika estimates that it will cost about $175,000 to hire a game engineering contractor to build the app. Once it is built, the engineering firm will receive $0.18 per download as a royalty. The cloud hosting platform firm will charge them $0.12 per month per active user. Veronika will have to spend $25,000 each of the first two years to market the game. She projects that the game will probably last only about four years, with downloads and users dropping off after the first two years. There will be no salvage costs (terminal value) after the end of the four years. Downloading the app will cost users $1.99 as a one-time fee. In addition to the revenue from the downloads, she expects to earn about $0.78 per month per active user in advertising and promotion revenue. Her annual projections for downloads and average monthly users are shown below.
Avg Monthly Users
She also expects to incur $240,000 per year in other operating costs the first year, but that amount should decrease to $200,000 in the second year and then down to $100,000 per year in years three and four.
The $175,000 of development costs are amortized for tax purposes for three years under a special tax incentive law. She can claim 60 percent of the development cost in Year 1, 35 percent in year 2, and the final 5 percent in year 3. The cost of capital to discount the future cash flows is 15 percent, and the average tax rate is 30 percent.
Create a spreadsheet named LastName_FirstName_HW04.xlsx to compute the NPV, IRR, PI, and Payback for this project and interpret the results. You will have to calculate the initial investment at time zero and the after-tax operating cash flows for Years 1 through 4 to calculate the NPV, IRR, PI, and Payback. Remember to convert “monthly” into “annual” when computing revenue and expense per year. After computing the relevant financial metrics, make a recommendation to Veronika and justify that recommendation by citing the information you have generated in your spreadsheet. Set up your spreadsheet so that the instructor can follow your calculations.